Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Microbiota Changes Due to Grape Seed Extract Diet Improved Intestinal Homeostasis and Decreased Fatness in Parental Broiler Hens

Abstract : In poultry, the selection of broilers for growth performance has induced a deterioration in the health of the parental hens associated with poor reproductive eciency. To improve these parameters, we administered to laying parental broiler hens a regular diet supplemented or not (Control) with a moderate (1%) or a high level (2%) of grape seed extract (GSE). The 1% GSE diet was administered from a young age (from 4 to 40 weeks of age) and the high level of 2% GSE was administered only during a 2-week period (from 38 to 40 weeks of age) in the laying period. The analysis of 40-week-old hens showed that 2% GSE displayed a reduction in the fat tissue and an improvement in fertility with heavier and more resistant eggs. Seven monomer phenolic metabolites of GSE were significantly measured in the plasma of the 2% GSE hens. GSE supplementation increased the relative abundance of the following bacteria populations: Bifidobacteriaceae, Lactobacilliaceae and Lachnospiraceae. In conclusion, a supplementation period of only 2 weeks with 2% GSE is sucient to improve the metabolic and laying parameters of breeder hens through a modification in the microbiota.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02929228
Contributor : Olivier Zemb <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 11:52:23 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:33 PM

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Jérémy Grandhaye, Veronique Douard, Ana Rodríguez-Mateos, Yifan Xu, Alex Cheok, et al.. Microbiota Changes Due to Grape Seed Extract Diet Improved Intestinal Homeostasis and Decreased Fatness in Parental Broiler Hens. Microorganisms, MDPI, 2020, 8 (8), 19 p. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms8081141⟩. ⟨hal-02929228⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

155