Microbiota Changes Due to Grape Seed Extract Diet Improved Intestinal Homeostasis and Decreased Fatness in Parental Broiler Hens - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2020

Microbiota Changes Due to Grape Seed Extract Diet Improved Intestinal Homeostasis and Decreased Fatness in Parental Broiler Hens

Antonella Riva
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 907146
Rodrigo Guabiraba
Olivier Zemb

Abstract

In poultry, the selection of broilers for growth performance has induced a deterioration in the health of the parental hens associated with poor reproductive eciency. To improve these parameters, we administered to laying parental broiler hens a regular diet supplemented or not (Control) with a moderate (1%) or a high level (2%) of grape seed extract (GSE). The 1% GSE diet was administered from a young age (from 4 to 40 weeks of age) and the high level of 2% GSE was administered only during a 2-week period (from 38 to 40 weeks of age) in the laying period. The analysis of 40-week-old hens showed that 2% GSE displayed a reduction in the fat tissue and an improvement in fertility with heavier and more resistant eggs. Seven monomer phenolic metabolites of GSE were significantly measured in the plasma of the 2% GSE hens. GSE supplementation increased the relative abundance of the following bacteria populations: Bifidobacteriaceae, Lactobacilliaceae and Lachnospiraceae. In conclusion, a supplementation period of only 2 weeks with 2% GSE is sucient to improve the metabolic and laying parameters of breeder hens through a modification in the microbiota.
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hal-02929228 , version 1 (02-02-2024)

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Jérémy Grandhaye, Véronique Douard, Ana Rodríguez-Mateos, Yifan Xu, Alex Cheok, et al.. Microbiota Changes Due to Grape Seed Extract Diet Improved Intestinal Homeostasis and Decreased Fatness in Parental Broiler Hens. Microorganisms, 2020, 8 (8), pp.1141. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms8081141⟩. ⟨hal-02929228⟩
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