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Production of Germ-Free Fast-Growing Broilers from a Commercial Line for Microbiota Studies

Abstract : Studies of the gut microbiota contribution to the host physiology and immunocompetence are facilitated by the availability of germ-free animal models, which are considered the gold standard. Nesting birds are ideal models for the production of germ-free animals since there is no need to raise their relatives under sterile conditions. Germ-free chickens are mainly generated from specific-pathogen-free (SPF) experimental lines, which are poorly representative of commercial chicken lines. The method proposed here allowed the production of germ-free chickens from the fast growing broiler line Ross PM3, commonly used by the poultry industry. Eggs were quickly collected after laying at a broiler breeder farm. They underwent a strict decontamination process from the collection to the introduction in a sterile egg hatching isolator. The chicks have been hatched and kept in these sterile isolators during the period necessary to control their sterility. Originally developed for an experimental SPF white leghorn line, the present protocol has been adapted not only to the Ross PM3 broiler line but also to quails. It therefore represents a robust and readily adaptable procedure to other poultry species and nesting birds of economic, biological or ecological relevance.
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Contributor : Nathalie Katy Chanteloup <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 30, 2020 - 3:54:22 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 2:23:50 PM

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Edouard Guitton, Arnaud Faurie, Sebastien Lavillatte, Thierry Chaumeil, Pauline Gaboriaud, et al.. Production of Germ-Free Fast-Growing Broilers from a Commercial Line for Microbiota Studies. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, JoVE, 2020, 8 p. ⟨10.3791/61148⟩. ⟨hal-02953979⟩



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