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Oral exposure to bisphenols induced food intolerance and colitis in vivo by modulating immune response in adult mice

Abstract : Bisphenol (BP) A, a known food contaminant, is a possible risk factor in the epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCD) including food intolerance and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Regulatory restrictions regarding BPA usage led to BPA removal and replacement by poorly described substitutes, like BPS or BPF (few data on occurrence in food and human samples and biological effect). Oral tolerance protocol to ovalbumin (OVA) in WT mice and Il10-/- mice prone to IBD were used respectively to address immune responses towards food and microbial luminal antigens following BP oral exposure. Both mice models were orally exposed for five weeks to BPA, BPS or BPF at 0.5, 5 and 50 μg/kg of body weight (bw)/day (d). Oral exposure to BPs at low doses (0.5 and 5 μg/kg bw/d) impaired oral tolerance as indicated by higher humoral and pro-inflammatory cellular responses in OVA-tolerized mice. However, only BPF exacerbate colitis in Il10-/- prone mice associated with a defect of fecal IgA and increased secretion of TNF-α in colon. These findings provide a unique comparative study on effects of adult oral exposure to BPs on immune responses and its consequences on NCD related to intestinal luminal antigen development.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02964951
Contributor : Hélène Lesur <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 6:21:44 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 8, 2021 - 3:20:03 PM

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Yann Malaisé, Corinne Lencina, Fanny Placide, Valérie Alquier-Bacquié, Christel Cartier, et al.. Oral exposure to bisphenols induced food intolerance and colitis in vivo by modulating immune response in adult mice. Food and Chemical Toxicology, Elsevier, 2020, 146, pp.111773. ⟨10.1016/j.fct.2020.111773⟩. ⟨hal-02964951⟩

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