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Genetic determinism of spontaneous masculinisation in XX female rainbow trout: new insights using medium throughput genotyping and whole-genome sequencing

Abstract : Rainbow trout has a male heterogametic (XY) sex determination system controlled by a major sex-determining gene, sdY. Unexpectedly, a few phenotypically masculinised fish are regularly observed in all-female farmed trout stocks. To better understand the genetic determinism underlying spontaneous maleness in XX-rainbow trout, we recorded the phenotypic sex of 20,210 XX-rainbow trout from a French farm population at 10 and 15 months post-hatching. The overall masculinisation rate was 1.45%. We performed two genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on a subsample of 1139 individuals classified as females, intersex or males using either medium-throughput genotyping (31,811 SNPs) or whole-genome sequencing (WGS, 8.7 million SNPs). The genomic heritability of maleness ranged between 0.48 and 0.62 depending on the method and the number of SNPs used for the estimation. At the 31K SNPs level, we detected four QTL on three chromosomes (Omy1, Omy12 and Omy20). Using WGS information, we narrowed down the positions of the two QTL detected on Omy1 to 96 kb and 347 kb respectively, with the second QTL explaining up to 14% of the total genetic variance of maleness. Within this QTL, we detected three putative candidate genes, fgfa8, cyp17a1 and an uncharacterised protein (LOC110527930), which might be involved in spontaneous maleness of XX-female rainbow trout.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02988446
Déposant : Maryse Corvaisier <>
Soumis le : mercredi 4 novembre 2020 - 17:27:41
Dernière modification le : jeudi 26 novembre 2020 - 15:49:02

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale 4.0 International License

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Clémence Fraslin, Florence Phocas, Anastasia Bestin, Mathieu Charles, Maria Bernard, et al.. Genetic determinism of spontaneous masculinisation in XX female rainbow trout: new insights using medium throughput genotyping and whole-genome sequencing. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10, pp.1-13. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-74757-8⟩. ⟨hal-02988446⟩

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