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Can Small French Farms Provide an Opportunity for Employment in the Agricultural Sector?

Abstract : The contributions of small farms to the environment or employment are increasingly recognised. Yet small farm employment receives little support from public policies. Can small farms provide employment opportunities in the agricultural sector? The objective of this work is to contribute to reflections on a better adaptation of public support to the heterogeneity of the contributions of small farms to employment. This article focuses on the example of France, using the 2010 agricultural census data. It proposes a typology of workforce patterns in French small farms.In 2010, labour‐intensive small farms with paid worker(s) accounted for just over 2 per cent of small farms in France. They were managed by trained farmers, sometimes newcomers to agriculture, and had high value‐added activities like agrotourism, short distribution channels and/or organic farming production. We conclude with recommendations for European and national public policies aimed at encouraging the maintenance and/or creation of employment on small farms. They include, for example, specific support for small farms, adapted to their lower investment needs and a lighter administrative burden to enable them to develop labour‐intensive projects; or a better integration of small farms into employers’ alliances.
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Contributor : Laurent Garnier <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 10:56:20 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 21, 2021 - 1:47:57 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 7:11:21 PM


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Pauline Lécole. Can Small French Farms Provide an Opportunity for Employment in the Agricultural Sector?. EuroChoices, Wiley, 2021, 20 (1), pp.48-54. ⟨10.1111/1746-692X.12290⟩. ⟨hal-03053765⟩



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