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Dysbiosis, malnutrition and enhanced gut-lung axis contribute to age-related respiratory diseases

Abstract : Older people are at an increased risk of developing respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or lung infections. Susceptibility to these diseases is partly due to the intrinsic ageing process, characterized by genomic, cellular and metabolic hallmarks and immunosenescence, and is associated with changes in the intestinal microbiota. Importantly, in the lungs, ageing is also associated with a dysbiosis and loss of resilience of the resident microbiota and alterations of the gut-lung axis. Notably, as malnutrition is often observed in the elderly, nutrition is one of the most accessible modifiable factors affecting both senescence and microbiota. This article reviews the changes affecting the lung and its resident microbiota during ageing, as well as the interconnections between malnutrition, senescence, microbiota, gut-lung axis and respiratory health. As the communication along the gut-lung axis becomes more permissive with ageing, this review also explores the evidence that the gut and lung microbiota are key players in the maintenance of healthy lungs, and as such, are potential targets for nutrition-based preventive strategies against lung disease in elderly populations.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03129383
Contributor : Vinciane Saint-Criq <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 2, 2021 - 8:31:20 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:32 PM

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Vinciane Saint-Criq, Geanncarlo Lugo-Villarino, Muriel Thomas. Dysbiosis, malnutrition and enhanced gut-lung axis contribute to age-related respiratory diseases. Ageing Research Reviews - ARR, Elsevier Masson, 2021, 66, pp.101235. ⟨10.1016/j.arr.2020.101235⟩. ⟨hal-03129383⟩

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