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The mitochondrial phylogeny of land plants shows support for Setaphyta under composition-heterogeneous substitution models

Abstract : Congruence among analyses of plant genomic data partitions (nuclear, chloroplast and mitochondrial) is a strong indicator of accuracy in plant molecular phylogenetics. Recent analyses of both nuclear and chloroplast genome data of land plants (embryophytes) have, controversially, been shown to support monophyly of both bryophytes (mosses, liverworts, and hornworts) and tracheophytes (lycopods, ferns, and seed plants), with mosses and liverworts forming the Glade Setaphyta. However, relationships inferred from mitochondria are incongruent with these results, and typically indicate paraphyly of bryophytes with liverworts alone resolved as the earliest-branching land plant group. Here, we reconstruct the mitochondrial land plant phylogeny from a newly compiled data set. When among-lineage composition heterogeneity is accounted for in analyses of codon-degenerate nucleotide and amino acid data, the Glade Setaphyta is recovered with high support, and hornworts are supported as the earliest-branching lineage of land plants. These new mitochondrial analyses demonstrate partial congruence with current hypotheses based on nuclear and chloroplast genome data, and provide further incentive for revision of how plants arose on land.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03134133
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Submitted on : Monday, June 7, 2021 - 9:57:43 AM
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Filipe Sousa, Peter Civáň, João Brazão, Peter Foster, Cymon Cox. The mitochondrial phylogeny of land plants shows support for Setaphyta under composition-heterogeneous substitution models. PeerJ, PeerJ, 2020, 8, ⟨10.7717/peerj.8995⟩. ⟨hal-03134133⟩

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