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Solubility study and intensification of extraction of phenolic and anthocyanin compounds from Oryza sativa L. ‘Violet Nori’

Abstract : Oryza sativa L. 'Violet Nori' is an Italian cultivar of spontaneous growing aromatic purple rice which is particularly rich in polyphenolic compounds, especially anthocyanins, conferring it an excellent antioxidant capacity. The present study aimed at increasing the extraction yields of its antioxidant compounds with green strategies and it is divided into two steps. The first step concerned a solubility study of the targeted polyphenols in different ethanol:water mixtures by means of a theoretical prediction method, using the simulation program COSMO-RS, and the subsequently confirmation of the computational results by practical experiments. Once the best extraction mixture was identified, the second step of the work was performed, with the purpose of intensifying the extraction yield. Therefore, various innovative green extraction techniques, including ultrasound, using both the probe system and the ultrasonic bath, bead milling, microwave and accelerated solvent extractions were tested and compared to conventional maceration. Results, expressed in terms of total phenolic and total monomeric anthocyanin contents, showed that the best extracting solvent for 'Violet Nori' rice was the mixture ethanol:water (60:40 v/v), being COSMO-RS computational predictions in good correlation with the experimental results. Moreover, the most efficient techniques to extract the antioxidant compounds resulted to be both ultrasound-assisted extraction probe and bead milling, that in only 5 min got the same extractive efficiency obtained after 3 h of conventional maceration.
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Contributor : Line Touloumet <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 9, 2021 - 5:24:22 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 6, 2021 - 4:38:12 PM

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S. Catena, N. Rakotomanomana, P. Zunin, R. Boggia, F. Turrini, et al.. Solubility study and intensification of extraction of phenolic and anthocyanin compounds from Oryza sativa L. ‘Violet Nori’. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, Elsevier, 2020, 68, pp.105231. ⟨10.1016/j.ultsonch.2020.105231⟩. ⟨hal-03136497⟩



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