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Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Reduces Hepatic Steatosis in Obese C57BL/6J Mice

Abstract : The beneficial effect of vitamin D (VD) supplementation on body weight gain limitation and inflammation has been highlighted in primary prevention mice models, but the long-term effect of VD supplementation in tertiary prevention has never been reported in obesity models. The curative effect of VD supplementation on obesity and associated disorders was evaluated in high-fat- and high-sucrose (HFS)-fed mice. Morphological, histological, and molecular phenotype were characterized. The increased body mass and adiposity caused by HFS diet as well as fat cell hypertrophy and glucose homeostasis were not improved by VD supplementation. However, VD supplementation led to a decrease of HFS-induced inflammation in inguinal adipose tissue, characterized by a decreased expression of chemokine mRNA levels. Moreover, a protective effect of VD on HFS-induced hepatic steatosis was highlighted by a decrease of lipid droplets and a reduction of triglyceride accumulation in the liver. This result was associated with a significant decrease of gene expression coding for key enzymes involved in hepatic de novo lipogenesis and fatty acid oxidation. Altogether, our results show that VD supplementation could be of interest to blunt the adipose tissue inflammation and hepatic steatosis and could represent an interesting nutritional strategy to fight obesity-associated comorbidities.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 8, 2021 - 7:21:33 PM
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Alexandra Marziou, Clothilde Philouze, Charlène Couturier, Julien Astier, Philippe Obert, et al.. Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Reduces Hepatic Steatosis in Obese C57BL/6J Mice. Nutrients, MDPI, 2020, 12 (2), pp.342. ⟨10.3390/nu12020342⟩. ⟨hal-03162883⟩

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