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Early Growth and Protein-Energy Metabolism in Chicken Lines Divergently Selected on Ultimate pH

Abstract : In chickens, a divergent selection on the Pectoralis major pHu allowed the creation of the pHu+ and pHu− lines, which represent a unique model for studying the biological control of carbohydrate storage in muscle. The present study aimed to describe the early mechanisms involved in the establishment of pHu+ and pHu− phenotypes. At hatching, pHu+ chicks were slightly heavier but exhibited lower plasma glucose and triglyceride and higher uric acid. After 5 days, pHu+ chicks exhibited higher breast meat yield compared to pHu− while their body weight was no different. At both ages, in vivo muscle glycogen content was lower in pHu+ than in pHu− muscles. The lower ability of pHu+ chicks to store carbohydrate in their muscle was associated with the increased expression of SLC2A1 and SLC2A3 genes coding glucose transporters 1 and 3, and of CS and LDHα coding key enzymes of oxidative and glycolytic pathways, respectively. Reduced muscle glycogen content at hatching of the pHu+ was concomitant with higher activation by phosphorylation of S6 kinase 1/ribosomal protein S6 pathway, known to activate protein synthesis in chicken muscle. In conclusion, differences observed in muscle at slaughter age in the pHu+ and pHu− lines are already present at hatching. They are associated with several changes related to both carbohydrate and protein metabolism, which are likely to affect their ability to use eggs or exogenous nutrients for muscle growth or energy storage.
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Contributor : Sonia Métayer-Coustard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 9, 2021 - 8:26:02 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 3:30:34 AM

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Sonia Metayer-Coustard, Sophie Tesseraud, Christophe Praud, David Royer, Thierry Bordeau, et al.. Early Growth and Protein-Energy Metabolism in Chicken Lines Divergently Selected on Ultimate pH. Frontiers in Physiology, Frontiers, 2021, 12 (643580), ⟨10.3389/fphys.2021.643580⟩. ⟨hal-03163029⟩



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