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Prediction of indicators of cow diet composition and authentication of feeding specifications of Protected Designation of Origin cheese using mid-infrared spectroscopy on milk

Abstract : The ability of mid-infrared spectroscopy (MIR) to predict indicators (1) of diet composition in dairy herds and (2) for the authentication of the cow feeding restrictions included in the specification of 2 Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) cheeses (Cantal and Laguiole) was tested on 7,607 bulk milk spectra from 1,355 farms located in the Massif Central area of France. For each milk sample, the corresponding cow diet composition data were obtained through on-farm surveys. The cow diet compositions varied largely (i.e., from full grazing for extensive farming systems to corn silage-based diets, which are typical of more intensive farming systems). Partial least square regression and discriminant analysis were used to predict the proportion of different feedstuff's in the cows' diets and to authenticate the cow feeding restrictions for the PDO cheese specifications, respectively. The groups for the discriminant analysis were created by dividing the data set according to the threshold of a specific feedstuff. They were issued based on the specifications of the restriction of the PDO cheese. The pasture proportion in the cows' diets was predicted by MIR with an coefficient of determination in external validation ((RV)-V-2) 0.81 and a standard error of prediction of 11.7% dry matter. Pasture + hay, corn silage, conserved herbage, fermented forage, and total herbage proportion in the cows' diets were predicted with a (RV)-V-2 >0.61 and a standard error of prediction <14.8. The discrimination models for pasture presence, pasture >= 50%, and pasture >= 57% in the cows' diets achieved an accuracy and specificity >= 90%. A sensitivity and precision >= 85% were also observed for the pasture proportion discrimination models, but both of these indexes decreased at increasing thresholds from 0 to 50, and 57% pasture in the cows' diets. An accuracy >= 80% was also observed for pasture + hay >= 72%, herbage >= 50%, pasture hay >= 25%, absence of fermented herbage, absence of corn silage, and corn silage <= 30% in the cows' diets, but for several models, either the sensitivity or precision was lower than the accuracy. Models built on the simultaneous respect of all the criteria of the feeding restrictions of PDO cheese specifications achieved an accuracy, specificity, sensitivity, and precision >90%. Both the regression and discriminant MIR models for bulk milk can provide useful indicators of cow diet composition and PDO cheese specifications to producers and consumers (farmers, dairy plants).
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03171593
Contributor : Sabine Rossi <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 8:57:11 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 18, 2021 - 3:32:49 AM

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M. Coppa, B. Martin, S. Hulin, J. Guillemin, J.V. Gauzentes, et al.. Prediction of indicators of cow diet composition and authentication of feeding specifications of Protected Designation of Origin cheese using mid-infrared spectroscopy on milk. Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2021, 104 (1), pp.112-125. ⟨10.3168/jds.2020-18468⟩. ⟨hal-03171593⟩

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