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3D printing of flax shives conjugated to fluorophores to design 4D pH-responsive biobased materials

Abstract : Incorporation of agriculture unused by-products into materials is a relevant strategy to develop sustainable and profitable biobased products while limiting environmental impacts of plastics. In addition, the design of such biomaterials with 3D printing techniques as FDM allow to bring them new functionalities. However, the plant material properties and the interactions with the polymeric matrix are critical to control throughout the process, from filament production to 3D printing, to obtain a high-quality material. In this study, flax shives were selectively milled and then, used as a starting plant by-product to be grafted to a fluorophore whose fluorescence varies under pH. The resulting fluorescent shives were processed with poly-(butylene-terephthalate) (PBAT) by extrusion to produce a filament reinforced with 10%-wt of flax shives (whose 10% were grafted), which was 3D printed. Extensive microstructural characterization (particle size and shape analysis, X-ray microtomography) demonstrated that flax particles are homogeneously distributed into the 3D printed material. Despite the relatively low content of fluorescent flax shives in the final 3D printed material (1%-wt) and successive heating stages (during extrusion and 3D printing), a strong fluorescent emission could still be measured. This work paves the way for using flax shives as reinforcements into composites while conferring them fluorescent properties, thus making 4D materials with potential applications as sensors depending on the fluorophore used.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03212337
Contributor : Gabriel Paes <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 29, 2021 - 3:05:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 9:40:16 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03212337, version 1

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Claire Mayer-Laigle, Eric Rondet, Cecile Barron, Alain Bourmaud, Gabriel Paës. 3D printing of flax shives conjugated to fluorophores to design 4D pH-responsive biobased materials. ACS spring meeting, Apr 2021, Virtual, United States. ⟨hal-03212337⟩

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