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Abeilles, apiculteur·trice·s et varroa : cohabiter en temps de crises

Abstract : This article examines how beekeepers are coping with the biodiversity crisis that has been decimating insects in recent decades and is now hitting honeybees hard. We wonder how the survival of honeybees is ensured in a world where flower and water resources are becoming scarce. Based on a presentation of three portraits from an ethnographic survey conducted in the French professional beekeeping sector, we show that the survival of bees is now conditioned by regular interventions in the hives of beekeepers who have managed to become fine technicians in apiology, particularly in the fight against varroa, a parasitic mite of the European bee that has been decimating colonies since the 1980s. It is shown that beekeepers cannot solve the biodiversity crisis, but that they have managed to fight against varroa by chemical, genetic or biotechnical means.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:13:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 3:39:16 AM


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Elsa Faugère, Dorothée Dussy. Abeilles, apiculteur·trice·s et varroa : cohabiter en temps de crises. Anthropologie et Santé, OpenEdition, 2021, pp.1-19. ⟨10.4000/anthropologiesante.9593⟩. ⟨hal-03261100⟩



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