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Identification of QTLs affecting post-anthesis heat stress responses in European bread wheat

Abstract : Heat stress is a critical abiotic stress for winter bread wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) especially at the flowering and grain filling stages, limiting its growth and productivity in Europe and elsewhere. The breeding of new high-yield and stress-tolerant wheat varieties requires improved understanding of the physiological and genetic bases of heat tolerance. To identify genomic areas associated with plant and grain characteristics under heat stress, a panel of elite European wheat varieties ( N = 199) was evaluated under controlled conditions in 2016 and 2017. A split-plot design was used to test the effects of high temperature for ten days after flowering. Flowering time, leaf chlorophyll content, the number of productive spikes, grain number, grain weight and grain size were measured, and the senescence process was modeled. Using genotyping data from a 280 K SNP chip, a genome-wide association study was carried out to test the main effect of each SNP and the effect of SNP × treatment interaction. Genotype × treatment interactions were mainly observed for grain traits measured on the main shoots and tillers. We identified 10 QTLs associated with the main effect of at least one trait and seven QTLs associated with the response to post-anthesis heat stress. Of these, two main QTLs associated with the heat tolerance of thousand-kernel weight were identified on chromosomes 4B and 6B. These QTLs will be useful for breeders to improve grain yield in environments where terminal heat stress is likely to occur.
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Contributor : Nathalie Bernard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 9:27:01 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:38:45 AM

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Gaëtan Touzy, Stéphane Lafarge, Elise Redondo, Vincent Lievin, Xavier Decoopman, et al.. Identification of QTLs affecting post-anthesis heat stress responses in European bread wheat. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Springer Verlag, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s00122-021-04008-5⟩. ⟨hal-03524084⟩



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