Brine salt concentration reduction and inoculation with autochthonous consortia: Impact on Protected Designation of Origin Nyons black table olive fermentations - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Food Research International Year : 2022

Brine salt concentration reduction and inoculation with autochthonous consortia: Impact on Protected Designation of Origin Nyons black table olive fermentations

Abstract

Nyons table olives, named after the French city where they are processed, are naturally fermented black table olives. Their specificity relies on the use of the "Tanche" olive variety harvested at full maturity and their slow spontaneous fermentation in 10% salt brine driven by yeast populations. This study aimed at investigating the benefit of inoculating autochthonous consortia to produce Nyons table olives by fermentation in 10% salt brine and in reduced salt conditions (8%). Two strategies were evaluated: inoculation with a defined autochthonous consortium and inoculation by spent brine backslopping. To define the consortium, yeasts were selected among 48 autochthonous isolates and key features included high halotolerance, low pectinolytic and proteolytic activities, however none had β-glucosidase activities. The consortium included eight yeast strains with distinct technological properties belonging to five dominant species, i.e. Citeromyces nyonsensis, Pichia membranifaciens, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Zygotorulaspora mrakii and Candida atlantica. Fermentation trials were conducted over a year and compared by evaluating microbial community shifts (16S and ITS metagenetics) and volatile profiles (GC-MS). Regarding fermentations with the defined consortium, four out of five species implanted in early stages while one, Pichia membranifaciens, persisted and largely dominated by the end of the fermentation. Altogether, inoculation with the defined consortium did not disrupt microbial shifts compared to traditional fermentations although minor differences were observed in volatile profiles. The backslopping method yielded the highest impact on microbial populations and olive volatile profiles, with higher ester abundances at the end of fermentation. Finally, reduced salt in brine gave very promising results as no deleterious effects on microbial communities, volatile dynamics but also safety criteria of the olives were observed compared to traditional fermented olives.
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hal-03609442 , version 1 (15-03-2022)

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Marine Penland, Audrey Pawtowski, Azzurra Pioli, Marie-Bernadette Maillard, Stella Debaets, et al.. Brine salt concentration reduction and inoculation with autochthonous consortia: Impact on Protected Designation of Origin Nyons black table olive fermentations. Food Research International, 2022, 155, pp.111069. ⟨10.1016/j.foodres.2022.111069⟩. ⟨hal-03609442⟩
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