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Journal Articles Applied Neuropsychology: Adult Year : 2022

Inhibition and shifting across the weight status spectrum


Inhibition and shifting across the weight status spectrum. Executive functioning (EF) is of major interest in the study of cognitive factors involved in obesity. Among EF, shifting is related to behavioral flexibility, and inhibition to the ability to refrain from impulsive behavior. A deficit in those two EF could predict individual difficulties to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Weak evidence of deficits in shifting and inhibition in individuals of higher Body Mass Index (BMI) have been observed. The objective was to clarify the relationship between inhibition and shifting regarding weight status group differences in healthy adults. Two neuropsychological tests from the Test of Attentional Performance (TAP) battery were used to measure EF performance of three groups of men and women: normal-weight (NW, n=38), overweight (OW, n=40) and obesity (OB, n=37). The results show that individuals with higher BMI have lower inhibition capacities and that classically used weight status categories might not capture cognitive variability. No differences in shifting were observed concerning weight status nor BMI. This paper provides new insights on cognitive factors in obesity by presenting data from healthy individuals with overweight and obesity. The results support that assessing inhibition capacities might be of interest in a clinical setting for patients with difficulties to lose weight.
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hal-03615540 , version 1 (21-03-2022)



Marine Mas, Stephanie Chambaron, Claire Chabanet, Marie-Claude Brindisi. Inhibition and shifting across the weight status spectrum. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 2022, 21, pp.1-8. ⟨10.1080/23279095.2022.2039656⟩. ⟨hal-03615540⟩
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