Characterization of human isogenic epithelial cell lines as a relevant tool to study colon carcinogenesis and interaction between genes and environment - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Poster Year : 2022

Characterization of human isogenic epithelial cell lines as a relevant tool to study colon carcinogenesis and interaction between genes and environment

Liana C. Arnaud
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Nathalie Poupin
Noémie Tournadre
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Yannick Lippi
Laurence Huc

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common cause of death from cancer worldwide. CRC is a multistep and progressive disease where genetic factors are important in the initiation, the development and the progression of the disease. CRC can arise from sequential steps including the acquisition of mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), followed by the mutational activation of oncogene KRAS and the inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene, TP53. The occurrence of colorectal cancer is largely influenced by the environment, including food contaminants, lifestyle and nutrition. However, the influence of mutations on the response to environmental pollutants is poorly evaluated. Environmental carcinogenesis lacks robust models to explore the interaction between genes and environment and to determine whether genetic mutations associated with colon carcinogenesis generate a particular susceptibility to the harmful effects of pollutants. Here, we outline the characterization of an innovative cellular model that consists in 6 human isogenic epithelial colon cell lines bearing mutations on driver genes of CRC. Altogether, these cell lines recapitulate colon carcinogenesis from the healthy, preneoplastic, adenoma and carcinoma stages in a simplified way. We aim to perform a phenotypic and metabolic description of these cell lines, with a particular focus on their ability to express the battery of detoxification enzymes, to have a differential sensitivity to genotoxicity and cell death stimuli, to display a flexible energy metabolism, to migrate and grow without anchorage. We show that these models of human isogenic colonic cells of CRC could be a powerful and relevant tool to study the effects of environmental pollutants on the colorectal carcinogenesis from the early to the late and metastatic stages and to evaluate gene-environment interactions in food toxicology.

Domains

Cancer
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Dates and versions

hal-03637792 , version 1 (11-04-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03637792 , version 1

Cite

Arnaud Tête, Liana C. Arnaud, Hélène Le Mentec, Isabelle Gallais, Nathalie Poupin, et al.. Characterization of human isogenic epithelial cell lines as a relevant tool to study colon carcinogenesis and interaction between genes and environment. Society of Toxicology Annual Meeting (SOT 2022), Mar 2022, San Diego, United States. , 3579, pp.P204. ⟨hal-03637792⟩
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