Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Neither Corporate, Nor Family: The Indian “Patronal” Farm

Abstract : After the disappearance of socialist State farms and cooperatives, the diversity of farms in the world seemed to have been reduced to a simple dichotomy: family farms on the one hand and corporate farming on the other. The former category, the dominant model on the planet, includes undertakings where labor is provided by the family, while corporate farming that was long limited to South America, is exclusively based on hired labor. This reading grid, however, turns out to be particularly problematic when looking at the Indian case. Despite their small size, a considerable number of Indian farms make use of a combination of family and hired labor. Based on an analysis of national statistics and fieldwork in 13 small regions, this article characterizes agricultural work and how family and hired labor function together on Indian farms. It shows that alongside family farms where wage labor (either hiring or being hired) serves to ensure full employment for family labor, there is another type of farm, which we define as “patronal farm”, where hiring agricultural laborers increases the income earned by family labor. In our surveys, this is systematically the case for irrigated agriculture, where wages paid to laborers are lower than the agricultural labor productivity per workday. After describing the characteristics of this original model, the article discusses its coherence with India's political economy and questions its sustainability.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03735707
Contributor : Claire Aubron Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 21, 2022 - 4:20:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 18, 2022 - 3:47:20 AM

File

fsufs-06-850545.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Citation

Claire Aubron, Sébastien Bainville, Olivier Philippon, Bruno Dorin. Neither Corporate, Nor Family: The Indian “Patronal” Farm. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Frontiers Media, 2022, 6, ⟨10.3389/fsufs.2022.850545⟩. ⟨hal-03735707⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

138

Files downloads

19