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Journal Articles Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2022

Masks Start to Drop: Suppressor of MAX2 1-Like Proteins Reveal Their Many Faces


Although the main players of the strigolactone (SL) signaling pathway have been characterized genetically, how they regulate plant development is still poorly understood. Of central importance are the SUPPRESSOR OF MAX2 1-LIKE (SMXL) proteins that belong to a family of eight members in Arabidopsis thaliana , of which one subclade is involved in SL signaling and another one in the pathway of the chemically related karrikins. Through proteasomal degradation of these SMXLs, triggered by either DWARF14 (D14) or KARRIKIN INSENSITIVE2 (KAI2), several physiological processes are controlled, such as, among others, shoot and root architecture, seed germination, and seedling photomorphogenesis. Yet another clade has been shown to be involved in vascular development, independently of the D14 and KAI2 actions and not relying on proteasomal degradation. Despite their role in several aspects of plant development, the exact molecular mechanisms by which SMXLs regulate them are not completely unraveled. To fill the major knowledge gap in understanding D14 and KAI2 signaling, SMXLs are intensively studied, making it challenging to combine all the insights into a coherent characterization of these important proteins. To this end, this review provides an in-depth exploration of the recent data regarding their physiological function, evolution, structure, and molecular mechanism. In addition, we propose a selection of future perspectives, focusing on the apparent localization of SMXLs in subnuclear speckles, as observed in transient expression assays, which we couple to recent advances in the field of biomolecular condensates and liquid–liquid phase separation.
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hal-03749589 , version 1 (11-08-2022)





Arne Temmerman, Ambre Guillory, Sandrine Bonhomme, Sofie Goormachtig, Sylwia Struk. Masks Start to Drop: Suppressor of MAX2 1-Like Proteins Reveal Their Many Faces. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2022, 13, 19 p. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2022.887232⟩. ⟨hal-03749589⟩
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