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Journal Articles Microbiome Year : 2022

A global phylogenomic and metabolic reconstruction of the large intestine bacterial community of domesticated cattle

Abstract

Background: The large intestine is a colonization site of beneficial microbes complementing the nutrition of cattle but also of zoonotic and animal pathogens. Here, we present the first global gene catalog of cattle fecal microbiomes, a proxy of the large intestine microbiomes, from 436 metagenomes from six countries. Results: Phylogenomics suggested that the reconstructed genomes and their close relatives form distinct branches and produced clustering patterns that were reminiscent of the metagenomics sample origin. Bacterial taxa had distinct metabolic profiles, and complete metabolic pathways were mainly linked to carbohydrates and amino acids metabolism. Dietary changes affected the community composition, diversity, and potential virulence. However, predicted enzymes, which were part of complete metabolic pathways, remained present, albeit encoded by different microbes. Conclusions: Our findings provide a global insight into the phylogenetic relationships and the metabolic potential of a rich yet understudied bacterial community and suggest that it provides valuable services to the host. However, we tentatively infer that members of that community are not irreplaceable, because similar to previous findings, symbionts of complex bacterial communities of mammals are expendable if there are substitutes that can perform the same task.
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hal-03794085 , version 1 (03-10-2022)

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S. Teseo, S. Otani, C. Brinch, Sabine Leroy, Philippe Ruiz, et al.. A global phylogenomic and metabolic reconstruction of the large intestine bacterial community of domesticated cattle. Microbiome, 2022, 10 (1), pp.155. ⟨10.1186/s40168-022-01357-1⟩. ⟨hal-03794085⟩
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