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Journal Articles Biotechnology Advances Year : 2022

Insights into Clostridium tetani: From genome to bioreactors

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Abstract

Tetanus vaccination is of major importance for public health in most countries in the world. The World Health Organization indicated that 15,000 tetanus cases were reported in 2018 (Organization, World Health, 2019). Currently, vaccine manufacturers use tetanus toxin produced by Clostridium tetani fermentation in complex media. The complex components, commonly derived from animal sources, introduce potential variability in cultures. To achieve replicable fermentation and to avoid toxic or allergic reactions from animal-source compounds, several studies have tried to switch from complex to chemically defined media without affecting toxin titers. The present review introduces the current knowledge on i) C. tetani strain diversity, whole-genome sequences and metabolic networks; ii) toxin regulation and synthesis; and iii) culture media, cultivation processes and growth requirements. We critically reviewed the reported data on metabolism in C. tetani and completed comparative genomic and proteomic analyses with other Clostridia species. We integrated genomic data based on whole-genome sequence annotation, supplemented with cofactor specificities determined by protein sequence identity, in a new map of C. tetani central metabolism. This is the first data review that integrates insights from omics experiments on C. tetani. The overview of C. tetani physiology described here could provide support for the design of new chemically defined media devoid of complex sources for toxin production.
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hal-03827022 , version 1 (24-10-2022)

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Lucile Garrigues, Thuy Duong Do, Carine Bideaux, Stéphane Guillouet, Isabelle Meynial-Salles. Insights into Clostridium tetani: From genome to bioreactors. Biotechnology Advances, 2022, 54, ⟨10.1016/j.biotechadv.2021.107781⟩. ⟨hal-03827022⟩
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