Establishment of a culture model for the prolonged maintenance of chicken feather follicles structure in vitro - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2022

Establishment of a culture model for the prolonged maintenance of chicken feather follicles structure in vitro

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Abstract

Protocols allowing the in vitro culture of human hair follicles in a serum free-medium up to 9 days were developed 30 years ago. By using similar protocols, we achieved the prolonged maintenance in vitro of juvenile feather follicles (FF) microdissected from young chickens. Histology showed a preservation of the FF up to 7 days as well as feather morphology compatible with growth and/or differentiation. The integrity of the FF wall epithelium was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy at Day 5 and 7 of culture. A slight elongation of the feathers was detected up to 5 days for 75% of the examined feathers. By immunochemistry, we demonstrated the maintenance of expression and localization of two structural proteins: scaffoldin and fibronectin. Gene expression (assessed by qRT-PCR) of NCAM, LCAM, Wnt6, Notch1, and BMP4 was not altered. In contrast, Shh and HBS1 expression collapsed, DKK3 increased, and KRT14 transiently increased upon cultivation. This indicates that cultivation modifies the mRNA expression of a few genes, possibly due to reduced growth or cell differentiation in the feather, notably in the barb ridges. In conclusion, we have developed the first method that allows the culture and maintenance of chicken FF in vitro that preserves the structure and biology of the FF close to its in vivo state, despite transcriptional modifications of a few genes involved in feather development. This new culture model may serve to study feather interactions with pathogens or toxics and constitutes a way to reduce animal experimentation.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03838659 , version 1 (14-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Corentin Mallet, Laurent Souci, Mireille Ledevin, Sonia Georgeault, Thibaut Larcher, et al.. Establishment of a culture model for the prolonged maintenance of chicken feather follicles structure in vitro. PLoS ONE, 2022, 17 (10), 21 p. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0271448⟩. ⟨hal-03838659⟩
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