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Conference Papers Year : 2021

Review: Future consequences of climate change for European Union pig production

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Abstract

Climate change is already a reality for livestock production. In contrast to the ruminant species, little is known about the impacts and the vulnerability of pig European Union (EU) sector to climate warming. This review deals with the potential and the already measurable effects of climate change in pig production. Based on evidences published in the literature, climate change may reduce EU pig productivity by indirectly reducing the availability of crops usually used in pig feeding, spreading the vector or pathogen to new locations and increasing the risk of exposure to cereals contaminated with mycotoxins; and directly mainly by inducing heat stress and increasing the animal's susceptibility to various diseases. Provision of realistic projections of possible impacts of future climate changes on EU pig sector is a prerequisite to evaluate its vulnerability and propose effective adaptation strategies. Simulation modelling approach is the most commonly used approach for exploring the effects of medium or long-term climate change/variability in pig production. One of the main challenges for this modelling approach is to account for both direct and indirect possible effects but also to uncertainties in parameter values that substantially increase the uncertainty estimates for model projections. The last part of the paper focus on the main issues that still need to be overcome for developing a decision support tools for simulating the direct and indirect effect of climate change in pig farms.

Dates and versions

hal-03920121 , version 1 (03-01-2023)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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David Renaudeau, J.Y. Dourmad. Review: Future consequences of climate change for European Union pig production. Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the Australasian Pig Science Association (APSA), Nov 2021, Brisbane, Australia. pp.100372, ⟨10.1016/j.animal.2021.100372⟩. ⟨hal-03920121⟩

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