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Journal Articles FEMS Microbiology Reviews Year : 2023

The small intestine: dining table of host-microbiota meetings

Abstract

Abstract Growing evidence suggests the importance of the small intestinal bacteria in the diet-host-microbiota dialogue in various facets of health and disease. Yet, this body site is still poorly explored and its ecology and mechanisms of interaction with the host are just starting to be unraveled. In this review, we describe the current knowledge on the small intestinal ecology, its composition and diversity, and how the intestinal bacteria in homeostatic conditions participate in nutrient digestion and absorption. We illustrate the importance of a controlled bacterial density and of the preservation of absorptive surface for the host's nutritional status. In particular, we discuss these aspects of the small intestinal environment in the framework of two disease conditions, namely small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and short bowel syndrome (SBS). We also detail in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro models developed to simulate the small intestinal environment, some applied for (diet-)host-bacteria interaction studies. Lastly, we highlight recent technological, medical and scientific advances applicable to investigate this complex and yet understudied body environment to broaden our knowledge in support of further progress in the medical practice, and to proceed towards the integration of the (small)intestinal bacteria in personalized therapeutic approaches.

Dates and versions

hal-04102019 , version 1 (22-05-2023)

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Karen Delbaere, Inez Roegiers, Auriane Bron, Claude Durif, Tom van de Wiele, et al.. The small intestine: dining table of host-microbiota meetings. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 2023, 47 (3), pp.fuad022. ⟨10.1093/femsre/fuad022⟩. ⟨hal-04102019⟩
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