DNA methylation and gene expression changes in mouse mammary tissue during successive lactations: part II – the impact of lactation rank - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Epigenetics Year : 2023

DNA methylation and gene expression changes in mouse mammary tissue during successive lactations: part II – the impact of lactation rank

Abstract

Mastitis is among the main reasons women cease breastfeeding. In farm animals, mastitis results in significant economic losses and the premature culling of some animals. Nevertheless, the effect of inflammation on the mammary gland is not completely understood. This article discusses the changes to DNA methylation in mouse mammary tissue caused by lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation after in vivo intramammary challenges and the differences in DNA methylation between 1st and 2nd lactations. Lactation rank induces 981 differential methylations of cytosines (DMCs) in mammary tissue. Inflammation in 1st lactation compared to inflammation in 2nd lactation results in the identification of 964 DMCs. When comparing inflammation in 1st vs. 2nd lactations with previous inflammation history, 2590 DMCs were identified. Moreover, Fluidigm PCR data show changes in the expression of several genes related to mammary function, epigenetic regulation, and the immune response. We show that the epigenetic regulation of two successive physiological lactations is not the same in terms of DNA methylation and that the effect of lactation rank on DNA methylation is stronger than that of the onset of inflammation. The conditions presented here show that few DMCs are shared between comparisons, suggesting a specific epigenetic response depending on lactation rank, the presence of inflammation, and even whether the cells had previously suffered inflammation. In the long term, this information could lead to a better understanding of the epigenetic regulation of lactation in both physiological and pathological conditions.
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hal-04116796 , version 1 (05-06-2023)

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E Ivanova, Catherine Hue-Beauvais, Aurélie Chaulot-Talmon, J Castille, J Laubier, et al.. DNA methylation and gene expression changes in mouse mammary tissue during successive lactations: part II – the impact of lactation rank. Epigenetics, 2023, 18 (1), pp.2215620. ⟨10.1080/15592294.2023.2215620⟩. ⟨hal-04116796⟩
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