Synergistic action of the Arabidopsis spliceosome components PRP39a and SmD1b in promoting posttranscriptional transgene silencing - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles The Plant cell Year : 2023

Synergistic action of the Arabidopsis spliceosome components PRP39a and SmD1b in promoting posttranscriptional transgene silencing

Emilie Elvira-Matelot
Vincent Jauvion
Nathalie Bouteiller
Jun Cao
Hervé Vaucheret

Abstract

Abstract Besides regulating splicing, the conserved spliceosome component SmD1 (Small nuclear ribonucleoprotein D1)b promotes posttranscriptional silencing of sense transgenes (S-PTGS [post-transcriptional genesilencing]). Here, we show that the conserved spliceosome component PRP39 (Pre-mRNA-processing factor 39)a also plays a role in S-PTGS in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, PRP39a and SmD1b actions appear distinct in both splicing and S-PTGS. Indeed, RNAseq-based analysis of expression level and alternative splicing in prp39a and smd1b mutants identified different sets of deregulated transcripts and noncoding RNAs. Moreover, double mutant analyses involving prp39a or smd1b and RNA quality control (RQC) mutants revealed distinct genetic interactions for SmD1b and PRP39a with nuclear RQC machineries, suggesting nonredundant roles in the RQC/PTGS interplay. Supporting this hypothesis, a prp39a smd1b double mutant exhibited enhanced suppression of S-PTGS compared to the single mutants. Because the prp39a and smd1b mutants (i) showed no major changes in the expression of PTGS or RQC components or in small RNA production and (ii) do not alter PTGS triggered by inverted-repeat transgenes directly producing dsRNA (IR-PTGS), PRP39a, and SmD1b appear to synergistically promote a step specific to S-PTGS. We propose that, independently from their specific roles in splicing, PRP39a and SmD1b limit 3′-to-5′ and/or 5′-to-3′ degradation of transgene-derived aberrant RNAs in the nucleus, thus favoring the export of aberrant RNAs to the cytoplasm where their conversion into double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) initiates S-PTGS.
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Saturday, June 29, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04298436 , version 1 (22-11-2023)

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Jérémie Bazin, Emilie Elvira-Matelot, Thomas Blein, Vincent Jauvion, Nathalie Bouteiller, et al.. Synergistic action of the Arabidopsis spliceosome components PRP39a and SmD1b in promoting posttranscriptional transgene silencing. The Plant cell, 2023, 35 (6), pp.1917-1935. ⟨10.1093/plcell/koad091⟩. ⟨hal-04298436⟩
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