Impacts of neonicotinoids on biodiversity: a critical review - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2023

Impacts of neonicotinoids on biodiversity: a critical review

1 ECOSYS - Ecologie fonctionnelle et écotoxicologie des agroécosystèmes
2 RiverLy - RiverLy - Fonctionnement des hydrosystèmes
3 IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
4 UMR BAGAP - Biodiversité agroécologie et aménagement du paysage
5 VAS - VetAgro Sup - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur et de recherche en alimentation, santé animale, sciences agronomiques et de l'environnement
6 ICE - Interactions Cellules Environnement - UR
7 UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
8 LBBE - Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive - UMR 5558
9 Modélisation et écotoxicologie prédictives [LBBE]
10 LCE - Laboratoire Chrono-environnement (UMR 6249)
11 DECOD - Dynamique et durabilité des écosystèmes : de la source à l’océan
12 OFB Service Santé Agri - Service santé de la faune et fonctionnement des écosystèmes agricoles
13 EPOC - Environnements et Paléoenvironnements OCéaniques
14 UMR Eco&Sols - Ecologie fonctionnelle et biogéochimie des sols et des agro-écosystèmes
15 IRD, Sète, OC, SC
16 UMR MARBEC - MARine Biodiversity Exploitation and Conservation - MARBEC
17 EMMAH - Environnement Méditerranéen et Modélisation des Agro-Hydrosystèmes
18 IMBE - Institut méditerranéen de biodiversité et d'écologie marine et continentale
19 CUFR - Centre Universitaire de Formation et de Recherche de Mayotte
20 URAFPA - Unité de Recherches Animal et Fonctionnalités des Produits Animaux
21 UR HYCAR - Hydrosystèmes continentaux anthropisés : ressources, risques, restauration
22 DEPE - Direction de l'Expertise scientifique collective, de la Prospective et des Etudes
Arnaud Chaumot


Neonicotinoids are the most widely used class of insecticides in the world but they have raised numerous concerns regarding their effects on biodiversity. Thus, the objective of this work was to do a critical review of the contamination of the environment (soil, water, air, biota) by neonicotinoids (acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam) and of their impacts on terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity. Neonicotinoids are very frequently detected in soils and in freshwater, and they are also found in the air. They have only been recently monitored in coastal and marine environments, but some studies already reported the presence of imidacloprid and thiamethoxam in transitional or semi-enclosed ecosystems (lagoons, bays and estuaries). The contamination of the environment leads to the exposure and to the contamination of non-target organisms, and to negative effects on biodiversity. Direct impacts of neonicotinoids are mainly reported on terrestrial invertebrates (e.g., pollinators, natural enemies, earthworms) and vertebrates (e.g., birds), and on aquatic invertebrates (e.g., arthropods). Impacts on aquatic vertebrate populations and communities, as well as on microorganisms, are less documented. In addition to their toxicity to directly exposed organisms, neonicotinoid induce indirect effects via trophic cascades as demonstrated in several species (terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates). However, more data are needed to reach firmer conclusions and to get a clearer picture of such indirect effects. Finally, we identified specific knowledge gaps that need to be filled to better understand the effects of neonicotinoids on terrestrial, freshwater and marine organisms, as well as on ecosystem services associated with these biotas.
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Dates and versions

hal-04321892 , version 1 (04-12-2023)



Laure Mamy, Stéphane Pesce, Wilfried Sanchez, Stéphanie Aviron, Carole Bedos, et al.. Impacts of neonicotinoids on biodiversity: a critical review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2023, 31 (1), pp.90-108. ⟨10.1007/s11356-023-31032-3⟩. ⟨hal-04321892⟩
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