Sex-specific transcriptome of the chicken chorioallantoic membrane - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Genomics Year : 2024

Sex-specific transcriptome of the chicken chorioallantoic membrane

Abstract

Dimorphism between male and female embryos has been demonstrated in many animal species, including chicken species. Likewise, extraembryonic membranes such as the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) are likely to exhibit a sex-specific profile. Analysis of the previously published RNA-seq data of the chicken CAM sampled at two incubation times, revealed 783 differentially expressed genes between the CAM of male and female embryos. The expression of some of these genes is sex-dependant only at one or other stage of development, while 415 genes are sex-dependant at both developmental stages. These genes include well-known sex-determining and sex-differentiation genes (DMRT1, HEGM, etc.), and are mainly located on sex chromosomes. This study provides evidence that gene expression of extra-embryonic membranes is differentially regulated between male and female embryos. As such, a better characterisation of associated mechanisms should facilitate the identification of new sex-specific biomarkers.
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hal-04356368 , version 1 (08-02-2024)

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Maeva Halgrain, Nelly Bernardet, Christelle Hennequet-Antier, Sophie Réhault-Godbert. Sex-specific transcriptome of the chicken chorioallantoic membrane. Genomics, 2024, 116 (1), pp.110754. ⟨10.1016/j.ygeno.2023.110754⟩. ⟨hal-04356368⟩
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