Temperature-sensitive splicing defects in Arabidopsis mitochondria caused by mutations in the ROOT PRIMORDIUM DEFECTIVE 1 gene - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Nucleic Acids Research Year : 2024

Temperature-sensitive splicing defects in Arabidopsis mitochondria caused by mutations in the ROOT PRIMORDIUM DEFECTIVE 1 gene

Abstract

Group II introns in plant organelles have lost splicing autonomy and require the assistance of nuclear-encoded trans-factors whose roles remain to be elucidated. These factors can be mono- or poly-specific with respect to the number of introns whose splicing they facilitate. Poly-acting splicing factors are often essential and their genetic identification may benefit from the use of conditional mutations. Temperature-sensitive (TS) mutations in the ROOT PRIMORDIUM DEFECTIVE 1 (RPD1) gene were initially selected for their inhibitory effect on root formation in Arabidopsis. Further analysis revealed that RPD1 encodes a mitochondria-targeted RNA-binding protein family member, suggesting a role in mitochondrial gene expression and making its role in root formation enigmatic. We analysed the function of RPD1 and found that it is required for the removal of 9 mitochondrial group II introns and that the identified TS mutations affect the splicing function of RPD1. These results support that the inhibition of adventitious root formation at non-permissive temperature results from a reduction in RPD1 activity and thus mitochondrial activity. We further show that RPD1 physically associates in vivo with the introns whose splicing it facilitates. Preliminary mapping indicates that RPD1 may not bind to the same regions within all of its intron targets, suggesting potential variability in its influence on splicing activation.
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hal-04558834 , version 1 (25-04-2024)

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Chuande Wang, Martine Quadrado, Hakim Mireau. Temperature-sensitive splicing defects in Arabidopsis mitochondria caused by mutations in the ROOT PRIMORDIUM DEFECTIVE 1 gene. Nucleic Acids Research, 2024, ⟨10.1093/nar/gkae072⟩. ⟨hal-04558834⟩
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