The root‐knot nematode effector MiEFF12 targets the host ER quality control system to suppress immune responses and allow parasitism - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Plant Pathology Year : 2024

The root‐knot nematode effector MiEFF12 targets the host ER quality control system to suppress immune responses and allow parasitism

Abstract

Root‐knot nematodes (RKNs) are microscopic parasitic worms able to infest the roots of thousands of plant species, causing massive crop yield losses worldwide. They evade the plant's immune system and manipulate plant cell physiology and metabolism to transform a few root cells into giant cells, which serve as feeding sites for the nematode. RKN parasitism is facilitated by the secretion in planta of effector molecules, mostly proteins that hijack host cellular processes. We describe here a conserved RKN‐specific effector, effector 12 (EFF12), that is synthesized exclusively in the oesophageal glands of the nematode, and we demonstrate its function in parasitism. In the plant, MiEFF12 localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). A combination of RNA‐sequencing analysis and immunity‐suppression bioassays revealed the contribution of MiEFF12 to the modulation of host immunity. Yeast two‐hybrid, split luciferase and co‐immunoprecipitation approaches identified an essential component of the ER quality control system, the Solanum lycopersicum plant bap‐like (PBL), and basic leucine zipper 60 (BZIP60) proteins as host targets of MiEFF12. Finally, silencing the PBL genes in Nicotiana benthamiana decreased susceptibility to Meloidogyne incognita infection. Our results suggest that EFF12 manipulates PBL function to modify plant immune responses to allow parasitism.
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Dates and versions

hal-04637246 , version 1 (05-07-2024)

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Salomé Soulé, Kaiwei Huang, Karine Mulet, Joffrey Mejias, Jérémie Bazin, et al.. The root‐knot nematode effector MiEFF12 targets the host ER quality control system to suppress immune responses and allow parasitism. Molecular Plant Pathology, 2024, 25 (7), ⟨10.1111/mpp.13491⟩. ⟨hal-04637246⟩
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