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Characterization of the early response of Arabidopsis thaliana to Dickeya dadantii infection using expression profiling.

Abstract : To draw a global view of plant responses to interactions with the phytopathogenic enterobacterale Dickeya dadantii, a causal agent of soft rot diseases on many plant species, we analysed the early Arabidopsis responses to D. dadantii infection. We performed a genome-wide analysis of the Arabidopsis thaliana transcriptome during D. dadantii infection and conducted a genetic study of identified responses. A limited set of genes related to plant defence or interactions with the environment were induced at an early stage of infection, with an over-representation of genes involved in both the metabolism of indole glucosinolates (IGs) and the jasmonate (JA) defence pathway. Bacterial type I and type II secretion systems are required to trigger the induction of IG and JA-related genes while the type III secretion system appears to partially inhibit these defence pathways. Using Arabidopsis mutants impaired in JA biosynthesis or perception, we showed that induction of some IG metabolism genes was COI1-dependent but, surprisingly, JA-independent. Moreover, characterisation of D. dadantii disease progression in Arabidopsis mutants impaired in JA or IG pathways showed that JA triggers an efficient plant defence response that does not involve IGs. The induction of the IG pathway by bacterial pathogens has been reported several times in vitro. This study shows for the first time, that this induction does indeed occur in planta, but also that this line of defence is ineffective against D. dadantii infection, in contrast to its role to counteract herbivorous or fungal pathogen attacks.
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Frédérique van Gijsegem, Frederique Bitton, Anne-Laure Laborie, Yvan Kraepiel, Jacques Pédron. Characterization of the early response of Arabidopsis thaliana to Dickeya dadantii infection using expression profiling.. 2018. ⟨hal-02786599⟩

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