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Changes in cell wall neutral sugar composition related to pectinolytic enzyme activities and intra-flesh textural property during ripening of ten apricot clones

Abstract : The changes of texture and cell wall characteristics of apricot were investigated in ten clones at two maturity stages. Fruit firmness, cell wall composition and enzyme activity of three apricot flesh zones were analysed. The AIS (alcohol-insoluble solids) were characterised by high amounts of uronic acid (179-300 mg g-1 AIS) and relatively high amounts of cellulosic glucose (118-214 mg g-1 AIS). The methylesterification degree varied significantly among the different clones ranging from 58 to 97 in Ab 5 and Mans 15 respectively. Conversely to zones firmness, enzymatic activity was higher in pistil followed by equatorial and peduncle zones. The ripening effect has been observed in firmness evolution according to enzymatic activity. This correlation allowed a classification of clones depending on softening. Among studied clones, Ab 5, Marouch 16, Mans 15 and Cg 2 were less influenced by softening and have the advantage of a technological valorisation for the processing industry.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02979871
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 12:49:03 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 6, 2021 - 4:39:10 PM

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Jamal Ayour, Carine Le Bourvellec, Barbara Gouble, Jean-Marc Audergon, Mohamed Benichou, et al.. Changes in cell wall neutral sugar composition related to pectinolytic enzyme activities and intra-flesh textural property during ripening of ten apricot clones. Food Chemistry, Elsevier, 2021, 339, pp.128096. ⟨10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.128096⟩. ⟨hal-02979871⟩

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