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Identification of New Antimicrobial Peptides that Contribute to the Bactericidal Activity of Egg White against Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis at 45 °C

Abstract : A recent work revealed that egg white (EW) at 45°C exhibits powerful bactericidal activity against S. enterica serovar Enteritidis, which is surprisingly little affected by removal of the >10 kDa EW proteins. Here, we sought to identify the major EW factors responsible for this bactericidal activity by fractionating EW using ultrafiltration and nanofiltration and by characterizing the physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of the resulting fractions. In particular, 22 peptides were identified by nano-LC/MS-MS and the bactericidal activities of representative peptides (with predicted antimicrobial activity) were further assessed. Two peptides (FVPPVQR and GDPSAWSWGAEAHS) were found to be bactericidal against S. enterica serovar Enteritidis at 45°C when provided in an EW environment. Nevertheless, these peptides contribute only part of this bactericidal activity, suggesting other, yet to be determined, antimicrobial factors.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03142882
Contributor : Anne Giboulot <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 1:23:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 4, 2021 - 4:03:01 PM

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Marie-Françoise Cochet, Florence Baron, Sylvie Bonnassie, Sophie Jan, Nadine Leconte, et al.. Identification of New Antimicrobial Peptides that Contribute to the Bactericidal Activity of Egg White against Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis at 45 °C. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2021, ⟨10.1021/acs.jafc.0c06677⟩. ⟨hal-03142882⟩

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