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Using the dual isotope method to assess cecal amino acid absorption of goat whey protein in rats, a pilot study

Abstract : Measurement of ileal amino acids (AA) bioavailability is recommended to evaluate protein quality. A dual isotope tracer method, based on plasma isotopic enrichment ratios, has been proposed to determine true digestibility in humans. In a pilot study, we aimed to evaluate whether this method could be implemented in rats to determine AA bioavailability based on isotopic enrichment ratios measured in cecal digesta or plasma samples. Goat milk proteins were intrinsically labeled with 15N and 2H. Wistar rats were fed a meal containing the doubly labeled goat whey proteins and a tracer dose of 13C-spirulina. Blood samples were collected 0, 1 h and 3 h after meal ingestion from the tail vein. The rats were euthanized 4 h (n = 6) or 6 h (n = 6) after meal to collect plasma and intestinal contents. True orocecal protein digestibility and AA bioavailability were assessed by means of 15N and 2H enrichment in cecum content and compared with absorption indexes determined at the plasma or cecum level using isotopic ratios. Plasma kinetics of isotopic enrichment could not be completed due to the limited quantity of plasma obtained with sequential blood collection. However, the absorption indexes determined from cecal 15N or 2H/13C ratios gave coherent values with true orocecal AA bioavailability. This dual isotope approach with measurements of isotopic ratios in digestive content could be an interesting strategy to determine true AA bioavailability in ileal digesta of rats.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03593969
Contributor : Juliane Calvez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 2, 2022 - 12:19:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:41:28 PM

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Juliane Calvez, Nadezda Khodorova, Sophie Beaubier, Alexandra Eymard, Daniel Tomé, et al.. Using the dual isotope method to assess cecal amino acid absorption of goat whey protein in rats, a pilot study. Amino Acids, Springer Verlag, 2022, 54 (5), pp.811-821. ⟨10.1007/s00726-022-03137-5⟩. ⟨hal-03593969⟩

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