Gestational exposure to bisphenol A induces region-specific changes in brain metabolomic fingerprints in sheep - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Environment International Year : 2022

Gestational exposure to bisphenol A induces region-specific changes in brain metabolomic fingerprints in sheep

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Davy Guignard
  • Function : Author
Cécile Canlet
Marie A Tremblay-Franco
Roselyne Gautier
  • Function : Author
Fabien Jourdan
Daniel Zalko
Nicolas J. Cabaton

Abstract

Fetal brain development depends on maternofetal thyroid function. In rodents and sheep, perinatal BPA exposure is associated with maternal and/or fetal thyroid disruption and alterations in central nervous system development as demonstrated by metabolic modulations in the encephala of mice. We hypothesized that a gestational exposure to a low dose of BPA affects maternofetal thyroid function and fetal brain development in a region-specific manner. Pregnant ewes, a relevant model for human thyroid and brain development, were exposed to BPA (5 µg/kg bw/d, sc). The thyroid status of ewes during gestation and term fetuses at delivery was monitored. Fetal brain development was assessed by metabolic fingerprints at birth in 10 areas followed by metabolic network-based analysis. BPA treatment was associated with a significant time-dependent decrease in maternal TT4 serum concentrations. For 8 fetal brain regions, statistical models allowed discriminating BPA-treated from control lambs. Metabolic network computational analysis revealed that prenatal exposure to BPA modulated several metabolic pathways, in particular excitatory and inhibitory amino-acid, cholinergic, energy and lipid homeostasis pathways. These pathways might contribute to BPA-related neurobehavioral and cognitive disorders. Discrimination was particularly clear for the dorsal hippocampus, the cerebellar vermis, the dorsal hypothalamus, the caudate nucleus and the lateral part of the frontal cortex. Compared with previous results in rodents, the use of a larger animal model allowed to examine specific brain areas, and generate evidence of the distinct region-specific effects of fetal BPA exposure on the brain metabolome. These modifications occur concomitantly to subtle maternal thyroid function alteration. The functional link between such moderate thyroid changes and fetal brain metabolomic fingerprints remains to be determined as well as the potential implication of other modes of action triggered by BPA such as estrogenic ones. Our results pave the ways for new scientific strategies aiming at linking environmental endocrine disruption and altered neurodevelopment.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03701070 , version 1 (21-06-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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Davy Guignard, Cécile Canlet, Marie A Tremblay-Franco, Elodie Chaillou, Roselyne Gautier, et al.. Gestational exposure to bisphenol A induces region-specific changes in brain metabolomic fingerprints in sheep. Environment International, 2022, 165, pp.107336. ⟨10.1016/j.envint.2022.107336⟩. ⟨hal-03701070⟩
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