Effect of live yeast supplementation in sow diet during gestation and lactation on sow and piglet fecal microbiota, health, and performance - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Animal Science Year : 2022

Effect of live yeast supplementation in sow diet during gestation and lactation on sow and piglet fecal microbiota, health, and performance

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Abstract

Feeding probiotics like live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii (SB) in pig diets has been suggested to preserve health and reduce antibiotic use during critical periods like weaning. This study was conducted to determine whether SB added to the diet of sows during the last 2 mo of gestation and the 4 wk of lactation may contribute to support the health and performance of piglets before and after weaning through changes in sow physiology, milk composition, and fecal microbiota. Crossbred sows (n = 45) from parity 1 to 9 were allocated to two dietary treatments: Control (n = 23) and SB (n = 22). Sows in the SB group were fed the same standard gestation and then lactation diet as the Control sows but with the addition of SB at 1 × 109 colony-forming units/kg of feed. Piglets were weaned under challenging conditions consisting of mixing of litters, no pen cleaning, and a 2-h period of nonoptimal temperature exposure. Blood and feces were collected from sows on days 28 and 113 of gestation and days 6 (feces only) and 28 of lactation, and from piglets on days 6 (feces) and 28 of lactation and day 5 after weaning. Colostrum was collected during parturition and milk on day 6 of lactation. Supplementation of sow diets with SB influenced the fecal microbiota of the sows and their piglets. Five days after weaning, the alpha-diversity was lower (P < 0.05) in piglets from SB sows than in piglets from Control sows. Analysis of microbiota with partial least square discriminant analysis discriminated feces from SB sows from that of Control sows at 110 d of gestation (29.4% error rate). Piglet feces could also be discriminated according to the diet of their mother, with a better discrimination early after birth (day 6 of lactation) than after weaning (day 5 postweaning, 3.4% vs. 12.7% error rate). Five days after weaning, piglets had greater white blood cell count, plasma haptoglobin concentration, and oxidative stress than before weaning (P < 0.001). Nevertheless, SB supplementation in sow diets had no effect (P > 0.05) on most of health criteria measured in blood and growth performance of piglets during lactation and the postweaning period. Moreover, dietary supplementation of SB to sows did not elicit any changes (P > 0.05) in their reproductive performance, metabolic and health status, nor in the concentration of immunoglobulins and nutrients in colostrum and milk. In the present experimental conditions, feeding SB to sows influenced sow and piglet microbiota with no consequences on their health and performance.
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hal-03760247 , version 1 (25-08-2022)

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Nathalie Le Flocʹh, Caroline Stéphanie Achard, Francis Amann Eugenio, Emmanuelle Apper, Sylvie Combes, et al.. Effect of live yeast supplementation in sow diet during gestation and lactation on sow and piglet fecal microbiota, health, and performance. Journal of Animal Science, 2022, 100 (8), ⟨10.1093/jas/skac209⟩. ⟨hal-03760247⟩
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