The extent of nitrogen isotopic fractionation in rumen bacteria is associated with changes in rumen nitrogen metabolism - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2023

The extent of nitrogen isotopic fractionation in rumen bacteria is associated with changes in rumen nitrogen metabolism

Abstract

Nitrogen use efficiency is an important index in ruminants and can be indirectly evaluated through the N isotopic discrimination between the animal and its diet ( Δ 15 N animal-diet ). The concentration and source of N may determine both the extent of the N isotopic discrimination in bacteria and N use efficiency. We hypothesised that the uptake and release of ammonia by rumen bacteria will affect the natural 15 N enrichment of the bacterial biomass over their substrates ( Δ 15 N bacteria-substrate ) and thereby further impacting Δ 15 N animal-diet . To test this hypothesis, two independent in vitro experiments were conducted using two contrasting N sources (organic vs inorganic) at different levels either in pure rumen bacteria culture incubations (Experiment #1) or in mixed rumen cultures (Experiment #2). In Experiment #1, tryptone casein or ammonium chloride were tested at low (1 mM N) and high (11.5 mM N) concentrations on three rumen bacterial strains ( Fibrobacter succinogenes , Eubacterium limosum and Xylanibacter ruminicola ) incubated in triplicate in anaerobic batch monocultures during 48h. In Experiment #2 mixed rumen cultures were incubated during 120 h with peptone or ammonium chloride at five different levels of N (1.5, 3, 4.5, 6 and 12-mM). In experiment #1, Δ 15 N bacteria-substrate was lowest when the ammonia-consumer bacterium Fibrobacter succinogenes was grown on ammonium chloride, and highest when the proteolytic bacterial strain Xylanibacter ruminicola was grown on tryptone. In experiment #2, Δ 15 N bacteria-substrate was lower with inorganic (ammonium chloride) vs organic (peptone) N source. A strong negative correlation between Δ 15 N bacteria-substrate and Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group , a potential fibrolytic rumen bacterium, was detected. Together, our results showed that Δ 15 N bacteria-substrate may change according to the balance between synthesis of microbial protein from ammonia versus non-ammonia N sources and confirm the key role of rumen bacteria as modulators of Δ 15 N animal-diet .
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
journal.pone.0291243.pdf (1.66 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-04206731 , version 1 (14-09-2023)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Gonzalo Cantalapiedra-Hijar, Gonzalo Martinez-Fernandez, Evelyne Forano, Stuart Denman, Diego Morgavi, et al.. The extent of nitrogen isotopic fractionation in rumen bacteria is associated with changes in rumen nitrogen metabolism. PLoS ONE, 2023, 18 (9), pp.e0291243. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0291243⟩. ⟨hal-04206731⟩
31 View
15 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More