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Adoption and Optimization of Genomic Selection To Sustain Breeding for Apricot Fruit Quality

Abstract : Genomic selection (GS) is a breeding approach which exploits genome-wide information and whose unprecedented success has shaped several animal and plant breeding schemes through delivering their genetic progress. This is the first study assessing the potential of GS in apricot (Prunus armeniaca) to enhance postharvest fruit quality attributes. Genomic predictions were based on a F1 pseudo-testcross population, comprising 153 individuals with contrasting fruit quality traits. They were phenotyped for physical and biochemical fruit metrics in contrasting climatic conditions over two years. Prediction accuracy (PA) varied from 0.31 for glucose content with the Bayesian LASSO (BL) to 0.78 for ethylene production with RR-BLUP, which yielded the most accurate predictions in comparison to Bayesian models and only 10% out of 61,030 SNPs were sufficient to reach accurate predictions. Useful insights were provided on the genetic architecture of apricot fruit quality whose integration in prediction models improved their performance, notably for traits governed by major QTL. Furthermore, multivariate modeling yielded promising outcomes in terms of PA within training partitions partially phenotyped for target traits. This provides a useful framework for the implementation of indirect selection based on easy-to-measure traits. Thus, we highlighted the main levers to take into account for the implementation of GS for fruit quality in apricot, but also to improve the genetic gain in perennial species.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 4:05:34 PM
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2020 - Publi 32 - Nsibi - G3.p...
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Mariem Nsibi, Barbara Gouble, Sylvie Bureau, Timothée Flutre, Christopher Sauvage, et al.. Adoption and Optimization of Genomic Selection To Sustain Breeding for Apricot Fruit Quality. G3, Genetics Society of America, 2020, 10 (12), pp.4513-4529. ⟨10.1534/g3.120.401452⟩. ⟨hal-03057805⟩



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